Dairy goat feeding characteristics in Malang District, East Java, Indonesia.

Goats are a popular choice for rearing by farmers in upland areas because they can be cared for by women and children can consume the milk. However, there are several constraints to goat milk production, among them the limited availability of local forages for goat feed. This paper examines how locally available forages are used as feed for dairy goats by rural farmers in East Java's Malang district in order to determine the potential of goat rearing in this area.

Dairy goats in Indonesia: potential, opportunities and challenges.

The population of goats in Indonesia has increased gradually at an average rate of 4.6 per cent in the last 10 years, from 12 million in 2000 to 16.8 million in 2010, involving 3.5 million households. The goats are spread throughout 33 provinces with the highest population of goats in Central Java, East Java and West Java. This paper briefly discusses the potential for development of goat and goat milk production in Indonesia. Production of goats offers good business opportunities in Indonesia because they are very well-adapted to the tropical environment and require low investments.

The effect of forage energy level on production and reproduction performances of Kosta female goat

This paper explores whether proper management of feeding goats with forages could increase the production and reproduction of Kosta goats. Research was carried out in two phases. The first observed the growth of female Kosta goats after weaning at four months to puberty at seven months and mating at nine months. Variables assessed include ration consumption, daily weight gain and puberty age on the livestock.

A rapid assessment of the specialty coffee value chain in Indonesia

While the demand for specialty coffee in Indonesia is high, the industry is constrained by its inability to increase production. This study assesses the trade and marketing practices of Indonesian specialty coffee through interviews with different value chain actors— exporters, farmer associations and cooperatives, processors, traders and government representatives—in the provinces of South Sulawesi, North Sumatra, Aceh and Bali.

Securing the profitability of the Toraja coffee industry

Strong international demand for specialty coffee from the District of Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, provides significant opportunities to improve rural incomes. This report provides an overview of the Sulawesi specialty coffee industry including key coffee producing districts, international markets for Sulawesi coffee, geographical identities and certified coffees. The authors detail factors of significance to any future development of the Sulawesi and particularly the Toraja coffee industries.

Securing the profitability of the Flores coffee industry

This report examines the main strengths and constraints affecting the profitability of the coffee industry in Flores, focusing on the two main coffee producing districts of Manggarai and Ngada. The report highlights a number of strengths and opportunities which suggest that Flores could develop into a specialty Arabica coffee origin, whilst further building the reputation of its Robusta coffee.

A review on the competitiveness of global supply chain in a coffee industry in Indonesia

Many Indonesian companies are not adequately prepared to compete in a global free trade market because of their low level of competitiveness. In this article, Ibrahim and Zailani examine the supply chain implementation in Indonesia's coffee industry and the specific issues that it faces in competing in a global market. Among them is the excess in supply and production in recent years—an effect of the global economic crisis—that has led to unemployment, retrenchment of workers and a reduction in production activities to save or reduce operational costs and to minimize loss in profits.

Livelihood strategies of smallholder coffee farmers in South Sulawesi and East Nusa Tenggara (Flores)

The islands of Sulawesi and Flores are among the key Arabica coffee producing regions of Indonesia. In this paper, Hartatri et al. explore the effect of livelihood strategies on decision making processes of smallholder coffee farmers in South Sulawesi and Flores and how they affect farmer engagement with the growing specialty coffee market. The author's assumption is that the way coffee production is inserted within social and agro-ecological systems will affect the willingness of farmers to engage in quality upgrading initiatives.

Integrated value chain analysis for coffee production in Indonesia

Given a high unit price, substantial demand for specialty coffee and Indonesia's low international market share, there is scope for expansion of Indonesian Arabica coffee exports. This report summarises the key factors that impact on the competitiveness of the Arabica coffee industry in Indonesia and prioritises areas for intervention. Field visits and interviews with value chain participants informed the analysis.

Indonesia cocoa bean value chain case study

Despite numerous initiatives to address Indonesia's inconsistent and poor cocoa quality, adoption of improved production and post-harvest practices has been limited. This study examines the influence of value chain governance and quality based incentives. The report includes a brief overview of the Indonesian cocoa value chain from producers to international trading and the enabling market.


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