This report explores the potential for cassava production in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) province in response to a proposed project to grow and export cassava chip for further processing into bio-ethanol in China. Initial field research found the region to be well suited to growing cassava with large areas of arable land and cassava yields comparable to other regions of Indonesia. However, the authors note that further work is required to understand whether NTT has comparative advantage in cassava production and whether there is a risk to smallholders given that the major buyer could reduce future buying operations. Developing an area of cassava production in Flores was shown to be of particular interest due to the potential smallholder benefits of developing integrated farming systems where cassava is used as a source of cash income and as a valuable feed source for cattle fattening. This approach would also allow smallholders to diversify risk away from only one or two agricultural products. The report concludes with a number of recommendations.