This report covers a preliminary phase of a larger study to develop seaweed farmer groups as preferred exporter and processor suppliers. Informal interviews were conducted with farmers, collectors and exporters in Gorontalo. This report briefly outlines seaweed production and the Gorontalo value chain.
This report details a value chain analysis to identify opportunities to improve the competitiveness of the aquaculture sector. Methodology involved interviews with value chain members in Bali, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Aceh, Sumatra Utara, Sumatra Selatan, Java Barat and Jakarta as well as government officials and desk top research.
Mango has potential as a significant horticultural industry in Indonesia but it has a limited shelf life. Freezing is an option for improving the shelf life of mango. This paper assesses different periods of immersion in liquid nitrogen and different storage periods on a range of chemical characteristics of mango. The experiment was based on a factorial completely randomised design with four immersion and four storage periods.
In East Java, goat milk has not been fully utilized due to the lack of milk processing equipment at farm level. As a result, almost all milk produced has been for the consumption of the kids. In this paper, Anam et al. examine the effect of introducing milk pasteurization, simple cup-sealer equipment and training of Etawah crossbred goat farmers on the production of pasteurized goat milk in East Java. Farmers also received capacity building to produce dairy products from the goat milk. The research involved 25 farmers in Ngambe district, with a total of 70 heads of Etawah crossbred goats.
Indonesia's specialty coffees have distinct and unique taste profiles based on their geographic origin. This paper assesses the impact of three processing methods (wet processed dry hulling (WPDH), wet processed wet hulling (WPWH) or pulped natural (PN)) on the cup profiles of three dominant Flores Arabica varieties ('Juria' (Typica type), S 795 and Hybrid of Timor (HdT)). Dominant varieties were identified through surveys of Arabica coffee farms in the Flores highland area of Ngada Bajawa.
Strong international demand for specialty coffee from the District of Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, provides significant opportunities to improve rural incomes. This report provides an overview of the Sulawesi specialty coffee industry including key coffee producing districts, international markets for Sulawesi coffee, geographical identities and certified coffees. The authors detail factors of significance to any future development of the Sulawesi and particularly the Toraja coffee industries.
This report examines the main strengths and constraints affecting the profitability of the coffee industry in Flores, focusing on the two main coffee producing districts of Manggarai and Ngada. The report highlights a number of strengths and opportunities which suggest that Flores could develop into a specialty Arabica coffee origin, whilst further building the reputation of its Robusta coffee.
In this article, the authors explore how the coffee processing method can influence coffee cup taste by evaluating three commercial coffee processing methods—full-washed, wet-hulled and pulped-natural—in use in the Indonesian specialty coffee origin of “Bajawa” on the island of Flores. Specifically, the research attempts to determine whether pulped-natural processing creates inherently lower quality coffee, while at the same time considering the environmental, resource and financial constraints of the Flores farm system.
Traceability has become a major issue in cocoa supply chains due to the hazardous contaminants that can infect raw materials or processed products. In Indonesia, traceability in cocoa supply chains is still limited and faces several difficulties in implementation, including lack of technology and a limited legal framework to enforce it. This paper presents an overview of traceability in Indonesia and proposes a conceptual framework on how Indonesia could conduct traceability in cocoa supply chains.
In 2010, the Indonesian government introduced a 15 per cent export tax on cocoa beans to promote investments in downstream value-added activities. This paper examines the impact of this tax on domestic welfare and whether the government has imposed optimal taxes on cocoa beans. The research uses a partial equilibrium approach to analyse effects of policy by upstream sectors on downstream cocoa manufacturing. It also presents econometric estimates of import demand and export supply elasticity.