Increased beef demand and prices could increase smallholder cash flow and production if feed quantity and quality limitations could be addressed. This project assessed the potential use of cocoa by-products as a cattle feed and various forage and tree legumes in managed grazing systems in South East Sulawesi (Sultra). Methodology involved laboratory, research facility and on farm trials. Results indicate cocoa pods could successfully be fed to Bali cattle (10-15g DM/kg live weight/d) while contributing to cocoa pod borer management and using simple low-cost processing for storage. Gliricidia and Sesbania tree legumes provide additional stock feed options. Key recommendations include the introduction of cheap cocoa pod choppers and extension of cocoa pods as a feed source. The authors suggest several areas for further investigation, including assessment of forage legumes, which was limited by unfavourable climatic conditions in the current study, the role of Aspergillus niger in improving low quality feedstuffs and the most palatable form of processed cocoa pods. The project contributed to capacity building and developing research linkages for future ruminant nutrition research.

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