This paper examines the economic feasibility of best-bet feeding strategies to increase live weight gain of early weaned Bali calves to identify opportunities for increased profit above feed costs on-farm. The research evaluates 53 feeding strategies in 14 on-station experiments in Central Sulawesi, East Java, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. The best-bet feeding strategy at each site was implemented, monitored and adapted on-farm in villages for six months. Results show an increase in smallholder profits compared to prevailing practices in all but one village in East Nusa Tenggara where there was no difference. The highest profit above feed cost was achieved through supplementation of commonly utilized low quality feeds with feeds high in crude protein. The revenue over cost ranged from 2.5 to 7.5, with profitability from Rp. 1.1 to 2 million/head/six months. The paper concludes that there is considerable potential to improve the feeding management of weaned Bali calves and increase farmers' income by using locally available feed resources. Tree legumes provide the greatest potential to increase farm income and have not been fully utilized as a feed source for Bali cattle in Indonesia.

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