This study provides a detailed characterisation and analysis of the mango value chain in Situbondo, East Java, and North Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat and identification of potential pro-poor interventions, with an emphasis on private sector involvement. The study was guided by the M4P framework and involved a review of existing knowledge and collection of primary data through focus group discussions with farmers and traders, individual semi-structured interviews with value chain stakeholders, direct observation methods during field visits to villages, enterprise facilities, markets and modern retail outlets, and a structured questionnaire to collect farm price and cost data. Proposed interventions focus on enabling off-season production, development of exports and upstream quality chains. The report also discusses strategies for these points of intervention. Key findings are reported against three areas: poverty, gender and environment and outline the impacts of value chain interventions. The authors conclude with a summary of key research gaps encompassing export development, farm technologies, varieties, processing, value chain margins, price incentives for quality investment, business models of wholesalers and exporters and production data gaps.