Coffee is one of the most important agricultural commodities for Indonesia either as an income source for millions of farming households or for foreign exchange earnings. The country produces a number of specialty coffees from different geographical origins having a distinctive cup taste profile. This paper provides an overview of the experience of Indonesia in establishing a geographical indication (GI) protection system from the starting point to the present progress.
Sustainability perspectives and long-term consequences of coffee practices on natural ecosystems and social-economic dimensions of the livelihood sector have been widely discussed in the literature. This paper contributes to this literature by examining the links between global sustainability regulation in agricultural trade and coffee supply chains by reviewing the economics of coffee-producing regions in Lampung Province, Indonesia.
Forty-six coffee companies in Indonesia have currently been certified, producing a total of 47,000 tons of certified coffee per year. This paper examines the challenges of sustainable farming system certification for coffee in Indonesia. Coffee companies were found to engage in coffee certification for a number of reasons, namely as a marketing tool, to reduce risk when prices fluctuate, to make it easier to gather coffee beans from farmers, and to receive a price premium.
While the demand for specialty coffee in Indonesia is high, the industry is constrained by its inability to increase production. This study assesses the trade and marketing practices of Indonesian specialty coffee through interviews with different value chain actors— exporters, farmer associations and cooperatives, processors, traders and government representatives—in the provinces of South Sulawesi, North Sumatra, Aceh and Bali.
This paper examines the use of geographical identities as a specific tool for value-adding in agricultural produce, presenting the case of specialty coffee production in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The study is based on ethnographic research in 21 villages of four major coffee producing districts in 2002 to 2003, with follow up visits in 2005 and 2006.
This paper explores the implications for value chain structures within smallholder coffee systems across Indonesia arising from the establishment of externally authored environmental and social compliance systems. The paper discusses their implications, and sometimes contradictions, thereby highlighting the complexities of applying global ethics locally. These demands are pivotally changing the incentive structures for various value chain participants, leading to changing business strategies and the emergence of new institutional forms.
The growth of international specialty coffee markets has increased the demand for high-quality coffee production at origin, offering opportunities for smallholders to engage in product upgrading and potentially increase the farm-gate price of their coffee. This paper examines smallholder farmer engagement in specialty coffee production across the islands of Sulawesi and Flores.
Recent high coffee prices, due to a combination of rising demand in emerging markets and declining production outside of Brazil and Vietnam, have sparked concerns over the long-term supply of coffee beans. This paper evaluates the potential for expanding production from Indonesia—currently the world's third largest producer—to play a significant role in meeting predicted global demand. The research examines this possibility through a socio-economic assessment of coffee-based livelihoods in Indonesia.
Indonesia produces a range of agricultural products with quality reputations based on geographical origin. This report outlines the establishment of geographical indication (GI) for the protection of Kintamani Bali Arabica coffee and implementation considerations for GI systems. It includes background information on GI systems under Indonesian law, characterisation of the Kintamani Bali region and production and quality requirements. Information was collected via desktop study and interviews with various stakeholders in the Kintamani Bali Arabica coffee value chain.
Indonesia's specialty coffees have distinct and unique taste profiles based on their geographic origin. This paper assesses the impact of three processing methods (wet processed dry hulling (WPDH), wet processed wet hulling (WPWH) or pulped natural (PN)) on the cup profiles of three dominant Flores Arabica varieties ('Juria' (Typica type), S 795 and Hybrid of Timor (HdT)). Dominant varieties were identified through surveys of Arabica coffee farms in the Flores highland area of Ngada Bajawa.