Flores cocoa production is characterised by low productivity and poor quality. This report describes the use of a value chain approach to design interventions for the Flores cocoa industry as part of a training program for Swisscontact LED-NTT staff. The report details the cocoa value chain in Indonesia and globally as well as Flores cocoa production and the local value chain. The methodology involved interviews with value chain participants from producers to national processors and exporters to identify constraints and opportunities, and field visits to assess possible interventions. The report outlines suggested interventions to address constraints, focused on improving farmer knowledge, skills and access to technology for improved practices, production and quality. Others relate to finance, market linkages, the business environment and industry advocacy. The paper concludes with several recommendations for implementation—focused pilot areas, sourcing of resources, change agents and partners for intervention, public and private sector support—and staff involvement.