In recent years, domestic maize demand for food and feed industries in Indonesia has grown faster than production. This paper reviews the past and current status and the future prospect of maize in Indonesia based on time series data from the last 41 years. The research shows that over the last four decades, consumption of maize has changed structurally from direct food to feed and food industries. Demand from both industries began to increase, and after 1975, maize production could not meet the growing demand for maize, which led Indonesia to import maize from other countries. Current production is said to be 'levelling-off', while demand continues to grow. The authors therefore propose that without future intervention, Indonesia is likely to have an increasing maize deficit. The authors suggest several policy interventions to reduce Indonesia's dependency on maize imports, namely intensive promotion of high yield seed varieties, development of a fair partnership between seed growers, seed companies, maize farmers, feed millers and food factories, helping farmers with subsidized and simple credit, and strengthening farmers groups to improve their bargaining position.