A significant constraint to shallot production is damage by the onion caterpillar (Spodoptera exigua) which can cause yield losses of 45-57%. This study assesses farmer knowledge and effectiveness of insecticides for S. exigua control in shallots in West Java and Central Java. Data was sourced via group discussions and individual interviews (n=100) and analysed using descriptive statistical method and content analysis. Respondent characteristics are briefly reported.
This paper explores the allocation of inputs in small-scale shallot production with a view to increasing efficiency and raising farmers' profits. The research uses primary data gathered through a survey of 43 farmers in one village in East Java. It applies double-log production function and polynomial cost function to measure the profit gap. Three simulations are used for input allocation based on low, medium and high input costs. The findings show that land, labour and seed are the most important group of inputs for production, followed by the fertilizer phosphate.
This report presents a sector profile and value chain analysis of the shallot industry in West Nusa Tenggara, identifying potential areas for SADI program support. The research shows that shallots are a profitable but potentially high risk niche crop in some parts of the province, particularly Bima.
Chilli is one of the main vegetables grown in Indonesia, with production increasing at an average rate of 20 per cent per year. This report presents the findings of a value chain analysis of the chilli industry in South Sulawesi, which was undertaken to determine market demand issues facing the vegetable industry in eastern Indonesia. The findings reveal that supply to supermarket gives the highest return to farmers, while the lowest value chain is the channel to traditional markets.
In Indonesia, chillies are a priority crop commonly produced by smallholders and, like many other cash crops, several farmer-trader issues are emerging in chilli supply chains. Current literature suggests that improving relationship quality among food chain actors enhances efficiency. This paper contributes to this literature by examining chilli farmer's perceptions of relationship quality with their buyers, using trust, satisfaction and commitment as variables.
This study provides a comprehensive overview of the production practices, consumption habits, consumer preferences and distribution of chilli in Indonesia. Data was collected via secondary sources as well as interviews with key food chain stakeholders, including 306 chilli and non-chilli farmers from West Java, Central Java and East Java, as well as 16 market agents, 6 chili processors, and 289 chilli and non-chilli farmer housewives and 62 urban housewives.
This study identifies sustainability and competitiveness issues in the value chains of the following key Indonesian export commodities; cocoa, coffee, mango, cashew, tea and rubber. Methodology included desk top analysis and interviews with development and research stakeholders. Each commodity is described in a separate section and includes discussion of the issues relating to sustainability and competitiveness and opportunities to address these.
Aquaculture is an important contributor to the Indonesian economy and has considerable potential for expansion. This publication presents the findings of a review and SWOT analysis of aquaculture development in Indonesia, and discusses the possible approaches to support its sustainable development. The authors suggest that a combination of strategies (intensification and production segmentation, areal expansion, and production diversification) is necessary to meet the Government's vision to become the world's leading aquaculture producer by 2015.
This report summarises the conceptual framework of an industry development plan to improve seafood smallholder welfare. It identifies the opportunities and constraints to growth of the South East Sulawesi seafood value chain as variability in supply chain characteristics across locations and products, disproportion in the share of through chain value, lack of post-harvest value adding, high costs and limited capital, technical knowledge and market access.
This report provides a brief overview of pig production in Indonesia, in particular its significance in terms of pig exports and the predominance of smallholders. Government focus has been on both larger scale commercial production as well as significant support for smallholders through research and development, extension services, cooperative development and private sector provision of goods and services. The report provides details on investment priorities for the Indonesian pig industry.