Etawah crossbred dairy goats are easy to maintain and are capable of utilising the leaves of various food crops, legumes and crop wastes as feed. This paper explores the application of an integrated business model of Etawah crossbred dairy goats with cocoa through utilization of estate cocoa waste as goat feed in East Java. Research was conducted with 25 farmers in two villages in the highlands of Ngawi district, over a one year period in 2009.
Goats are a popular choice for rearing by farmers in upland areas because they can be cared for by women and children can consume the milk. However, there are several constraints to goat milk production, among them the limited availability of local forages for goat feed. This paper examines how locally available forages are used as feed for dairy goats by rural farmers in East Java's Malang district in order to determine the potential of goat rearing in this area.
The population of goats in Indonesia has increased gradually at an average rate of 4.6 per cent in the last 10 years, from 12 million in 2000 to 16.8 million in 2010, involving 3.5 million households. The goats are spread throughout 33 provinces with the highest population of goats in Central Java, East Java and West Java. This paper briefly discusses the potential for development of goat and goat milk production in Indonesia. Production of goats offers good business opportunities in Indonesia because they are very well-adapted to the tropical environment and require low investments.
In East Java, goat milk has not been fully utilized due to the lack of milk processing equipment at farm level. As a result, almost all milk produced has been for the consumption of the kids. In this paper, Anam et al. examine the effect of introducing milk pasteurization, simple cup-sealer equipment and training of Etawah crossbred goat farmers on the production of pasteurized goat milk in East Java. Farmers also received capacity building to produce dairy products from the goat milk. The research involved 25 farmers in Ngambe district, with a total of 70 heads of Etawah crossbred goats.
This paper details a field survey conducted in three dairy cattle production centres (Malang, Kediri, and Blitar) of East Java on the use of cassava pulp as feed. The authors found a very high usage of cassava pulp as additional feed for dairy cows, particularly in the dry season when a large supply of the pulp was available. The report identifies a number of advantages identified by farmers of feeding cassava pulp to dairy cattle, including improving palatability of concentrate feed and increasing milk yield.