This report presents the findings of a rapid assessment of the beef value chain in seven provinces in Indonesia. Data was collected through interviews with key stakeholders in the public and private sectors at all levels of the value chain. The findings reveal that the productivity of the beef breeding herd in Indonesia is low compared to other meat exporting countries in the region. Critical impediments found were crowded market channels, high inter-regional transport costs, under-utilization of renovated slaughter houses, and a decline in the number of wet markets in cities due to expansion of larger supermarkets. The report suggests that improving the efficiency of the beef industry through better integration and vertical coordination within the beef value chain should be an overarching goal of USAID's support to the livestock sector in Indonesia. It further proposes a focus on Bali cattle, as an opportunity to focus on a breed unique to Indonesia and for potential spillover affects to other breeds and the entire beef value chain in Indonesia.