Coffee is one of the most important agricultural commodities for Indonesia either as an income source for millions of farming households or for foreign exchange earnings. The country produces a number of specialty coffees from different geographical origins having a distinctive cup taste profile. This paper provides an overview of the experience of Indonesia in establishing a geographical indication (GI) protection system from the starting point to the present progress.
This paper examines the use of geographical identities as a specific tool for value-adding in agricultural produce, presenting the case of specialty coffee production in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The study is based on ethnographic research in 21 villages of four major coffee producing districts in 2002 to 2003, with follow up visits in 2005 and 2006.
Indonesia produces a range of agricultural products with quality reputations based on geographical origin. This report outlines the establishment of geographical indication (GI) for the protection of Kintamani Bali Arabica coffee and implementation considerations for GI systems. It includes background information on GI systems under Indonesian law, characterisation of the Kintamani Bali region and production and quality requirements. Information was collected via desktop study and interviews with various stakeholders in the Kintamani Bali Arabica coffee value chain.
This report describes a collaboration between the NGO VECO, the leading global cocoa supplier Armajaro, and West Sulawesi farmers to develop direct market linkages and build on previous development work. The report briefly outlines the cocoa industry and the local cocoa chain and identifies key partners, their roles and activities. Testimonials from stakeholders provide comment on the process, benefits and challenges of the program.
Traceability has become a major issue in cocoa supply chains due to the hazardous contaminants that can infect raw materials or processed products. In Indonesia, traceability in cocoa supply chains is still limited and faces several difficulties in implementation, including lack of technology and a limited legal framework to enforce it. This paper presents an overview of traceability in Indonesia and proposes a conceptual framework on how Indonesia could conduct traceability in cocoa supply chains.