This paper briefly outlines the issues and opportunities for family farming in Indonesia's agricultural sector. It provides a summary of two contrasting views on Indonesia's rural sector social characteristics and development of supply chains. There is no detail on the methodology used to inform the paper. The key issues facing family farming operations are summarised as: land access and fragmentation, constraining distribution channels, lack of consideration of the potential for women in family farming, and lack of promising career options for young in agriculture. The rights of women and the social power this provides, and increasing regional and global demand for agricultural products are highlighted as key opportunities for development of family farming for women and young people, respectively. The author lists challenges and recommendations to address these opportunities but does not provide any detailed strategies for implementation and delivery.