This case study details a range of interventions implemented to improve cashew nut production in Flores and contribute to the enhancing the overall cashew nut value chain. The report summarises the key constraints to the value chain, such as no direct linkages and international value adding, poor productivity due to traditional farming methods, and lack of inputs and technology. It then outlines a number of considerations and processes in implementing four interventions to address these constraints. Interventions achieved the following value chain improvements: development of organic cashew product through certification of smallholders, 40 per cent increase in productivity per tree, 33 per cent increase in per kg price with increased annual cashew income from 59 to 69 per cent, local farmer and private sector managed processing units for value adding, branding of Flores cashews, and stimulation of local government and private sector support. The report critically evaluates the chosen interventions and the methods of implementation, identifying successes as well as areas where the project could have benefited from alternatives.