With increasing population density and subsequent increases in fishing pressure, seaweed farming is an alternative income source for coastal villages traditionally reliant on artisanal fisheries. This study is a component of a larger thesis and investigates the impact of seaweed farming on the economy of a traditional fishing village in South Sulawesi. Data was obtained through random semi-structured interviews (n=31) with households. The study results encompass basic demographic data, farming system information (farm establishment, seaweed farming practices, harvest and marketing, contribution to household income) and farmer motivations, satisfaction and future hopes. Income from seaweed is reportedly 81 per cent of household income. Results are discussed in terms of economic activities and effort, seaweed culture and fishing problems, market problems and income, satisfaction with seaweed farming and fisheries and the future. The author makes several recommendations to maintain or improve farmer income: economic and productivity opportunities should focus on addressing poor post-harvest processing practices for improved crop quality market price; further development should consider market access and environmental suitability; and community development plans should consider alternative sources of income to buffer against significant fluctuations in seaweed prices.
This report examines the main strengths and constraints affecting the profitability of the coffee industry in Flores, focusing on the two main coffee producing districts of Manggarai and Ngada. The report highlights a number of strengths and opportunities which suggest that Flores could develop into a specialty Arabica coffee origin, whilst further building the reputation of its Robusta coffee. In addition to the ideal coffee-growing environment, the report suggests that the established coffee-growing tradition within communities provides a good basis on which to develop a high value industry. Furthermore, the current combination of poor primary processing and lack of market understanding provide potential to quickly add value to this coffee. However, the authors identifies a number of constraints to overcome in order to capitalize on these strengths and opportunities. These include geographical isolation, a highly risk averse farm system, the need for infrastructure improvements, and lack of knowledge about market opportunities and technical requirements for quality improvement and value adding. The report contends that creating a world class speciality coffee origin could result in increased farm incomes for the estimated 75,000 families currently involved in coffee production.
Strong international demand for specialty coffee from the District of Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi, provides significant opportunities to improve rural incomes. This report provides an overview of the Sulawesi specialty coffee industry including key coffee producing districts, international markets for Sulawesi coffee, geographical identities and certified coffees. The authors detail factors of significance to any future development of the Sulawesi and particularly the Toraja coffee industries. These range from the comparatively very low yields of Toraja coffee (150-200kgGBE/ha) through to certified coffee, processing and cup quality, geographical authenticity, post harvesting processing and value adding, coffee varieties, pest and disease assessments and management, farmer organisation, market risks and price and value chain analysis. This information was based on discussions with various organisations and individuals involved in the Sulawesi coffee industry. The study recommends five activities for development of the Sulawesi coffee industry. These include industry wide partnership, socioeconomic research on farmer decision making processes, an effective extension service promoting sustainable management, improved understanding of the physical quality of Sulawesi coffee, and establishment of regional branding and geographical identities.
This paper briefly outlines the issues and opportunities for family farming in Indonesia's agricultural sector. It provides a summary of two contrasting views on Indonesia's rural sector social characteristics and development of supply chains. There is no detail on the methodology used to inform the paper. The key issues facing family farming operations are summarised as: land access and fragmentation, constraining distribution channels, lack of consideration of the potential for women in family farming, and lack of promising career options for young in agriculture. The rights of women and the social power this provides, and increasing regional and global demand for agricultural products are highlighted as key opportunities for development of family farming for women and young people, respectively. The author lists challenges and recommendations to address these opportunities but does not provide any detailed strategies for implementation and delivery.
In this paper, Priyanti et al. examine the nature and potential of small-scale cattle production in East Java, with a particular focus on the relation between crop and cattle production. A study was carried out in 2010 with 194 cattle producers across two sites (irrigated lowlands and rain-fed uplands) to explore constraints facing cattle producers in these environments and potential means to enhance their production systems and incomes. In particular, the paper focuses on the issue of feed supply and the local market that has emerged for agricultural by-products (rice straw, maize stover, and legume residues) and planted forage grasses—a market supply chain linking crop producers and cattle producers in the lowlands and cooperative arrangements for importing feed into the less productive uplands. The research shows that intensive cattle production can provide a viable pathway out of poverty, even for resource-poor households.
The report examines the restaurant market as an opportunity for East Nusa Tengarra smallholders and identifies market chain issues and opportunities for development. Methodology involved initial feedback from value chain participants to identify a priority market sector for further analysis i.e. restaurant market. Farmer (n=102) and restaurant (n=50) surveys informed the restaurant market analysis. Detailed farmer survey data is presented in terms of household and farm characteristics, the pig supply chain and farmer perceptions and restaurant data in terms of restaurant characteristics, requirements, owner perceptions and consumer preferences. Several issues for pig farms and the pig industry as a whole are discussed. The author's outline their recommendations for future development including improving farmer technical and marketing skills and value chain communication systems. As taste and lean meat were most valued by consumers, improvement should include a quality differential payment system for farmers and farmer training in improved breeding and feeding practices to benefit these preferred characteristics. The authors also recommend the industry develop a strategic direction for the industry and farmer focused activities to assist with realisation of the industry's full potential.
This report examines the cattle marketing chain in Bali and Lombok and describes the role of its various stakeholders. It also identifies the role that farmer groups play in assisting smallholders to link to the market chain, and the characteristics of farmer groups and their leaders that result in greater access to markets. The research uses a mix of qualitative and quantitative data collection methods, the latter involving two multiple regression analyses. The study provides new information about cattle marketing chains in Bali and Lombok, factors that influence a cattle group's ability to support smallholders in linking to markets, and factors influencing smallholders' choices of where to sell. The findings have important implications for the way private and public investors form and manage smallholder cattle groups. Policymakers are faced with a choice. If they are distributing cattle via groups to improve cattle productivity and industry efficiency, they will need to form and foster groups and group leaders in a different way than if they are distributing cattle to improve short-term smallholder welfare.
In this paper, Widowati et al. estimate the potential area and carbon absorbed in seaweed cultivation in the Takalar water area in South Sulawesi and estimate the increase in the local economy if potential areas were optimally cultivated. The research is based on data collected through satellite imagery, base maps, spatial data and field surveys. It found that existing seaweed cultivation covers less than 10 per cent of the potential area of 59,731 hectares. Based on this data and the large amount of carbon content obtained (20.73 ± 1.73 per cent), the amount of carbon emission that can be absorbed is equal to 71,531,381.82 to 120,578,542.70 tons C per cycle. If the cultivation of seaweed in Takalar were optimized, the total price of seaweed could reach US$45,250,334, increasing local GDP by 28 per cent. This study provides useful evidence for scaling up investment in seaweed cultivation in farming communities. The methods could be easily applied in other coastal areas in Indonesia to measure similar variables. However, the authors suggest that further study be undertaken to improve the analysis for more concrete estimation of the suitable area.