With increasing population density and subsequent increases in fishing pressure, seaweed farming is an alternative income source for coastal villages traditionally reliant on artisanal fisheries. This study is a component of a larger thesis and investigates the impact of seaweed farming on the economy of a traditional fishing village in South Sulawesi. Data was obtained through random semi-structured interviews (n=31) with households. The study results encompass basic demographic data, farming system information (farm establishment, seaweed farming practices, harvest and marketing, contribution to household income) and farmer motivations, satisfaction and future hopes. Income from seaweed is reportedly 81 per cent of household income. Results are discussed in terms of economic activities and effort, seaweed culture and fishing problems, market problems and income, satisfaction with seaweed farming and fisheries and the future. The author makes several recommendations to maintain or improve farmer income: economic and productivity opportunities should focus on addressing poor post-harvest processing practices for improved crop quality market price; further development should consider market access and environmental suitability; and community development plans should consider alternative sources of income to buffer against significant fluctuations in seaweed prices.
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Blankenhorn S.U. and Asmus H.
In 'Seaweed farming and artisanal fisheries in an Indonesian seagrass bed - complementary or competitive usages?' ed. by S.U. Blankenhorn. University of Bremen